Electricity Study Guide
1. What is electricity?
2. What are the negative and positive parts of an atom?
3. What energy resources do we use to make electricity?
4. How do we use electricity?
5. A material where electricity flows easily through is a ______________.
6. What is an insulator?
7. What does resistance describe?
8. A metal wire such as copper or aluminum wrapped in plastic or rubber is an ________.
9. What measures describe electricity?
10. The pathway taken by an electric current is called a ___________ ?
11. What is a circuit is made up of?
12. A ________ allows the electricity to flow from the battery through the wire, to the light bulb and back to the battery.
13. What is an open circuit?
14. What is the difference between a parallel and a series circuit?
15. Who were the inventors and what did they invent?
16. The invisible force around a magnet?
17. How does static electricity happen?
1. A continuous flow of negative charges that create an electric current
2. Negative = electrons, positive = protons
3. Sunlight, wind, water, fossil fuel, nuclear power, and batteries
4. Produces light, heat, and sound for us to use. Run appliances, ovens, tvs and stereos
5. Conductor (many metals are good conductors)
Conductor = low resistance!!
Insulator = high resistance!!
6. A material that does not allow electricity to flow through it (ex. plastic, wood)
7. It describes how well electricity flows through a material.
8. Electrical wire like the ones found in your home
9. Volts (the force the electricity has)
11. An energy source (battery), wire, and something to use the electricity (lightbulb)
12. closed circuit
13. A broken circuit that does not allow the electricity to flow all the way through
14. Series-there is one pathway for the current Parallel-There two or more pathways for the electricity
15. Ben Franklin- "Electricity in the air produces lightening."
Thomas Edison- Invented the light bulb and a device for recording sound
Michael Farraday - knows his electromagnets and built the first generator
16. Magnetic field
17. When 2 things rub together and electrons get swapped